Skip Navigation Links

Demonstratives

Demonstratives are important to learn so that we can create grammatically correct sentences in Māori.  For example if we wanted to say "This is a book" then we need the following formula:

HE + NOUN + DEMONSTRATIVE

He pukapuka tēnei.
This is a book.

Demonstratives specify a particular 'thing'. In some instances they specify the 'location' of a particular 'thing'.

 

One thing

More than one

this/these by me

tēnei

ēnei

this/these by you

tēnā

ēnā

that/those over there

tērā

ērā

Note that we simply remove the 't' to make the demonstrative plural. 

nei, nā and (known as deitic or locative particles) refer to a specific location: nei = here (by me), nā = by you, rā = over there/ at a distance. Te is the Māori word for the (singular), and if we look at the demonstratives we can see that all the singular forms have te + nei/nā or rā.

More examples of the use of demonstratives.

Footer