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Keyboard setup for macrons

Windows Vista and Windows 7/8

On Windows Vista, the Māori keyboard driver is already installed. You just have to activate it as follows:

  1. Start Control Panel.
  2. Click Change keyboards or other input methods (under the Clock, Language and Region heading).
  3. Click Change keyboard.
  4. If it already says English (New Zealand) - Maori, then it's already set up. Don't continue!
  5. Otherwise, click Add.
  6. Scroll down to English (New Zealand), expand Keyboard, click Show More.
  7. Find Maori in the list and tick it, then click OK.
  8. Change the Default input language to English (New Zealand) - Maori.

Now you can easily enter a macronised vowel by pressing ` (the key with ~ on it) and then the vowel. To enter a macronised capital vowel, press `, then hold down shift and press the vowel.

Windows 2000 and XP

On a Windows 2000 or XP system, you can install a Māori keyboard driver so that you can easily type macrons. You can download the driver from Microsoft. The instructions on how to activate the driver once installed are reproduced here, as some people miss them on the Microsoft download page:

For Windows XP Users:

  1. Click the Download link to start the download.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • To start the installation immediately, click Open or Run this program from its current location.
    • To copy the download to your computer for installation at a later time, click Save or Save this program to disk.
  3. In the Control Panel, open Regional Language Options.
  4. On the Languages tab, under Text services and input languages, click Details.
  5. Under Default input language, click English (New Zealand) - Maori.
  6. In the Keyboard layout/IME list, click Maori, and then click OK.

For Windows 2000 Users:

  1. Click the Download link to start the download.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • To start the installation immediately, click Open or Run this program from its current location.
    • To copy the download to your computer for installation at a later time, click Save or Save this program to disk.
  3. In the Control Panel, open Regional Options.
  4. On the Input Locales click English (New Zealand) - Maori.
  5. click On Set as Default.
  6. Click OK.

Typing Macrons

Now you can easily enter a macronised vowel by pressing ` (the key with ~ on it) and then the vowel.

`a = ā
To enter a macronised capital vowel, press `, then hold down shift and press the vowel, e.g.,
`A = Ā
Note you don't have to hold down ` while you press the vowel, just press ` then press the vowel.

Writing in te reo Māori in Microsoft Word

If you've followed the above instructions, you can already type macrons in Word. However, if you have Word 2003 or 2007, you can install the Māori language interface pack from
http://www.microsoft.com/nz/maori/default.mspx

If you are a fluent speaker, you can configure Word to change the menus from English to Te Reo, but for those less fluent it is still useful to install because it includes a Te Reo Māori spell checker. To use the Spell Checker, you need to mark the text in the document as either English or Māori.

To mark text as Māori, select the text, go to Tools, Language, Set Language, select Māori and choose OK. If you usually type in Māori rather than English, you can click on the Default button before clicking OK.

However, the above is a bit laborious if you regularly mix Te Reo Māori and English in the same document. To easily switch between the two languages as you type, you can set up another Input Language. After doing this, you can simply press a key combination to switch to the other language you are about to type in. To set up two Input Languages:

  1. Start, Control Panel, Regional and Language Options.
  2. Click on the Languages tab.
  3. Click on Details...
  4. Use the Add and Remove buttons to set up your system so that you have English and Māori languages, both using the Māori keyboard, as follows:


  5. In the top drop down list, choose either English or Māori depending on what language you use most.
If you wish, click on the Language Bar and Key Settings buttons for more options. By default, if you press Left-Alt + Shift together, it will switch between the two languages.
 
This is useful in Word as the text you type next will be marked as either Māori or English and spell checked accordingly. Also, Word indicates in the status bar at the bottom of the window which language it is using for that portion of the text.
 
Why use the Māori keyboard for both English and Māori? So that you can type macrons in the middle of an English sentence without having to switch languages, that is, so that the ` + vowel key combination creates macrons regardless of the language setting.

Other operating systems

Stephen Cope has a web page discussing how to type macrons on Mac OS X, Windows and Linux:
http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~kimihia/maori-keyboard

Using the Compose key on Linux

The following information has been provided by Robert de Kock:

In Linux you produce macrons by using the standard Compose key. This is a standard operating system feature and works with any word processor or other software. To produce for instance a macroned 'ā', you hold down the Compose key, and type an 'a' followed by a hyphen. The Compose key is also handy for accented characters, Euro signs and many other special characters. The only thing is, the Compose key is not always pre-set, and tends to be different for each user-front-end (or "desktop") such as Gnome, Xfce or Lxde. Usually you can configure which one you want it to be. Personally I prefer to use the otherwise (in Linux) dysfunctional Windows or Menu keys. Your system's documentation or online information will tell you how.

If you have information on configuring keyboards for macrons on other systems, please email kaitiaki@kupu.maori.nz.

Online keyboard

If you can't change the keyboard setup of the device you're using (e.g., if you have no administrative access or if it's a device like a smart phone with no macron support), you can use this handy online "keyboard" to enter macrons. Make it a favourite!

http://maori.typeit.org

 


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